Robinson Crusoe - Wordsworth by Daniel Defoe
First published on 25 April 1719, Robinson Crusoe is a novel by Daniel Defoe. The first edition of Robinson Crusoe credited Robinson Crusoe as its author, leading many readers to believe he was a real person and the book a travelogue based on true events.
It is presented as an autobiography of the titular castaway (whose real name is Robinson Kreutznaer) who spends 28 years on an island near the coasts of Venezuela and Trinidad, experimenting with slavery, meeting cannibals, and eventually being rescued. Robinson Crusoe Island is thought to be based on the life of Alexander Selkirk, a Scottish castaway who lived for four years on a Pacific island called "Más a Tierra," now part of Chile.
Robinson Crusoe is often credited with defining the genre of realistic fiction as a result of its straightforward narrative style. As a first English novel, it is generally regarded as a contender. It was already in its fourth edition before the end of 1719, and it went on to become one of the more widely published books in history, inspiring so many imitations in literature, film, television, and radio that the name Robinsonade has become synonymous with that genre.